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Glossary

Acrylic
A manufactured fiber, its major properties include a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable and excellent color retention.
 
Argyle
A pattern designed with different color diamond shapes knit into a fabric.
 
Bamboo Fabric
Bamboo fabric is a natural textile made from the pulp of the bamboo grass. Bamboo fabric has been growing in popularity because it has many unique properties and is more sustainable than most textile fibers. Bamboo fabric is light and strong, has excellent wicking properties, and is to some extent antibacterial.
 
Burn-out Velvet
Created from two different fibers, the velvet is removed with chemicals in a pattern leaving the backing fabric intact. Appropriate for more unconstructed and loosely fit garments.
 
Cotton a white vegetable fiber grown in warmer climates in many parts of the world, has been used to produce many types of fabric for hundreds of years. Cotton fabric feels good against the skin regardless of the temperature or the humidity and is therefore in great demand by the consumer.
 
Covered Waistband
The elastic waist is encased in soft fabric to protect sensitive areas for all day comfort and ease of movement.
 
Eyelet
Fabric with patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.
 
Elasticity
The ability of a fiber or fabric to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.
 
Embossing
A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.
 
Embroidery
An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Embroidery may be done either by hand or machine.Faux Fur Artificial fur made from synthetic material.
 
Fleece
Synthetic knit fabric that stretches across the grain. Suitable for vests, jackets and tops. Foil A thin piece of material put under another material to add color or brilliance.
 
Gauze
A sheer, open-weave fabric usually cotton or silk. It is suitable for blouses, dresses and curtains.
 
Heather A yarn that is spun using pre-dyed fibers. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. (For example, black and white may be blended together to create a grey heathered yarn.) The term, heather, may also be used to describe the fabric made from heathered yarns.
 
Interlining
An insulation, padding, or stiffening fabric, either sewn to the wrong side of the lining or the inner side of the outer shell fabric. The interlining is used primarily to provide warmth in coats, jackets, and outerwear.
 
Interlock Knit
Also known as T-shirt knit. It usually has stretch across the grain. Great for tops, skirts and lightweight pants.
 
Jacquard
Fabrics manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on the loom. This attachment provides versatility in designs and permits individual control of each of the warp yarns. Thus, fabrics of almost any type or complexity can be made. Brocade and damask are types of jacquard woven fabrics. Jersey Fabric Usually thinner or lighter-weight than Interlock knit with less stretch. Itís appropriate for tops and fuller dresses.
 
Knit Fabrics
Fabrics made from only one set of yarns, all running in the same direction. Some knits have their yarns running along the length of the fabric, while others have their yarns running across the width of the fabric. Knit fabrics are held together by looping the yarns around each other. Knitting creates ridges in the resulting fabric. Wales are the ridges that run lengthwise in the fabric; courses run crosswise. Lace An openwork fabric with yarns that are twisted around each other to form complex patterns or figures. Lace may be hand or machine made by a variety of fabrication methods including weaving, knitting, crocheting, and knotting.
 
Lycra
A DuPont trademark for its spandex fiber. Any time you see this fiber listed on a label, expect comfort, movement, and shape retention that won't wash away.
 
Mesh
A type of fabric characterized by its net-like open appearance, and the spaces between the yarns. Mesh is available in a variety of constructions including wovens, knits, laces, or crocheted fabrics.
 
Net
Refers to any open-construction fabric whether it is created by weaving, knitting, knotting, or another method.
 
Nylon
Produced in 1938, the first completely synthetic fiber developed. Known for its high strength and excellent resilience, nylon has superior abrasion resistance and high flexibility.
 
Polyester
A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, and is second only to cotton in worldwide use. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, and high abrasion resistance. Low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly.
 
Rayon
A natural fiber created from wood pulp, it usually has good drape and a soft hand. Itís appropriate for tops, shirts, skirts and dresses.
 
Rib Knit
This knit has tremendous stretch across the grain a 1 x 1 rib has one rib up and one down. A 2 x 1 rib has two ribs up and one down, similar to a Poor Boy Knit. Satin With a lustrous, shiny surface, drapability depends on fiber content. Silk and rayon satins have the best stitch results.
 
Silk
A natural filament fiber produced by the silkworm in the construction of its cocoon. Most silk is collected from cultivated worms; Tussah silk, or wild silk, is a thicker, shorter fiber produced by worms in their natural habitat. All silk comes from Asia, primarily China.
 
Spandex
A manufactured elastomeric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking, and will still recover to its original length.
 
Tricot
Tricot is the most popular type of warp knit with super fine stitches on the face of the fabric. This construction is used for fabrics predominately in our bra garments.
 
Tulle
A lightweight, extremely fine, machine-made netting, it is softer to the touch than netting. Appropriate for veils and costumes.
 
Velour
Usually with a knitted back, velour resembles velvet, but has some stretch. Appropriate for tops and sportswear like pants and jackets.
 
Velvet
With a longer pile, velvet is the most luxurious fabric. Stretch velvet has some lycra, It can be machine washed and will not create a shine in the seat or elbows. Appropriate for tops, skirts and fuller pants.
 
Velveteen
A cotton or cotton blend fabric with a short, dense pile. It lacks the sheen and drape of velvet. It is perfect for drapes and home décor items as well as pants, jackets and skirts.
 
Woven Fabric
Fabrics composed of two sets of yarns. One set of yarns, the warp, runs along the length of the fabric. The other set of yarns, the fill or weft, is perpendicular to the warp. Woven fabrics are held together by weaving the warp and the fill yarns over and under each other.
 
Yarn
A continuous strand of textile fibers created when a cluster of individual fibers are twisted together. These long yarns are used to create fabrics, either by knitting or weaving.